23 June 2017

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Health

Saturday June 17, 2017

Kabul (BNA) June 14, coincides with World Blood Donor Day—a day that appreciates those who donate their bloods to rescue the people lives. This day is also coincided with Prof. Karl Landsteiner birthday anniversary, a person that had invented blood groups and won the Nobel Prize. Transfusion of blood and blood products helps save millions of lives every year. It can help patients suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and with higher quality of life and supports complex medical and surgical procedures. Access to safe and sufficient blood and blood products can help reduce rates of death and disability due to severe bleeding during delivery and after childbirth.
Each day, people, particularly those injure in traffic incidents, people under operations, pregnant women during labor, infants, those injure in terrorist incidents and in battlefields will need blood, as one out of three needs to be injected with blood during his/her life. Currently, despites considerable improvements in medical science, still nothing can replace blood in body of a person. Lack of good alternative with blood and limited duration of storing blood are the issues have caused blood donation to enjoy significant position. Findings suggest that consecutive donation of blood can prevent the donator from heart and different types of other diseases. Blood donation can caused oxygen to be supplied properly, as well as it causes the blood making system to be further operational.
Our war-hit country, Afghanistan needs more volunteer blood donators.
Because, each day, many civilians and soldiers will lose their lives or injure during horrific incidents and in battlefields throughout the country.
In fact, men can donate blood four times and the women three times each year. Today, in 62 countries of the world, blood is voluntarily collected, as the World Health Organization aims to ensure the blood of needy countries until 2020 through this.   Every year on 14 June, countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day (WBDD). The event, established in 2004, serves to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products, and to thank blood donors for their voluntary, life-saving gifts of blood. World Blood Donor Day is one of eight official global public health campaigns market by the WHO, along with World Health Day, World Tuberculosis Day, World Immunization Week, World Malaria Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Hepatitis Day, and World AIDS Day.
Lailuma Noori
 

Saturday June 3, 2017

Kabul (BNA) In a meeting chaired by President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, the Minister of Public Health Dr. Ferozuddin Feroz presented the ministry’s 2017-2022 plans, a presidential statement said on Thursday.
According to Minister Feroz, the plan aims to bring coordination and effectiveness in aids to health sector, responsive and durable healthcare system, increasing emergency health centers, fighting corruption and controlling the quality of medicines. Many key health indicators have improved more rapidly in Afghanistan than in most other countries that had started at a similar level of development, the World Bank (WB) official said. World Bank healthcare in charge, Benjamin, lauded the activities of Healthcare contractors, adding health services have been extended to remote areas and even that of the insecure places.
“The progress made in Afghanistan is impressive, especially given the serious security situation the country has faced over the last decade,” he added. Addressing the summit, President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani emphasized that “modality of service delivery in partnership with NGOs that has significant progress on many fronts and proved remarkably resilient in the face of operational and security-related challenges. “With support from development partners, we have come a long way in improving the health conditions of millions of Afghans,” the president said, stressing the importance of communicating these results not only within Afghan society, but also, more importantly, to a wider audience around the globe. Pointing to low quality medicines in the country, the president said government was seeking ways to bring quality medicines through Afghanistan-India air corridor.
Hinting to importance of inter-ministerial cooperation in health sector, the president said there are many individuals that with no medical license offering medicines, asking the line ministries to coordinate with each other and prevent such activities of individuals. The president also emphasized on continued monitoring of the state-run hospitals’ activities, medicines and the foods. He also added that by improving the healthcare systems, the need to treatment in foreign countries should be declined.
 

Wednesday May 17, 2017

Kabul (BNA) Second spring round of anti-polio vaccination campaign with dropping of two drops of vaccine has started in Badghis province yesterday.
Abdul Latif Rostayee acting head of public health department in the province told BNA reporter, this round started with presence of Mohammad Anwar Eshaqzai governor of the province, members of provincial council and civil and military authorities. 
It is supposed that at least 190,000 children under the age of five will be vaccinated in this round around the province, Eshaqzai added.
Also warm tablets distributed to children.
The program to be continued for next two days and will be implemented by 600 volunteers.
 

Tuesday May 16, 2017

Kabul (BNA) For the last year Ziaullah, a resident of Jalalabad city in the eastern province of Nangarhar, has been regularly taking the medicine his doctor prescribed to treat his kidney stones.
But his agonizing condition had not improved for one simple reason, he told IWPR. It was virtually impossible to get decent medication locally, with a market flooded with substandard or out-of-date drugs. “My disease has made me tired of living,” he said, explaining that as he lacked the money to go abroad for treatment, he had no option but to take the poor quality medication available and hope for the best. “Between pain and poverty on the one hand and substandard medicine on the other, I can’t take any more,” he continued. “May Allah almighty help me, these drugs won’t.” Out-of-date or counterfeit medicines are a major risk to public health across Afghanistan, and a particular problem in provinces like Nangarhar, where a common border with Pakistan provides rich opportunities for smuggling, including substandard pharmaceuticals.
Local people have accused both public health officials and the security forces of either taking part in the illicit trade or turning a blind eye to it. “Anyone with a sense of humanity who was a good Muslim would not sell substandard medicines to people,” said Azizullah, another Jalalabad resident. “Some staff from the department of public health are involved in this business and share its profit, and this must be investigated.” Nangarhar officials have acknowledged the problem, explaining that they were struggling to deal with the flow of out-of-date and substandard medicines smuggled into the province. But Moqadas Miraj, the deputy director of Nangarhar’s public health department, denied any corruption and insisted that they were doing their best to stamp out the illicit trade. Every month, tones of low quality and out-of-date medicines were collected and destroyed in Jalalabad. As for those found selling such contraband, Miraj said, “We take legal action through issuing financial penalties, closing down pharmacies and confiscating drugs.
Every day our teams carry out inspections across the city, collect expired medicines and burn them.” Idress Momand, spokesman of the Nangarhar border police, also denied that his forces accepted bribes in return for allowing counterfeit drugs to be smuggled into the country, insisting that they constantly tried to prevent this illegal trade. “We can’t deny that substandard medicines are smuggled through the border areas, but in areas where our forces have set up outposts no one can smuggle such medicines or any other material into Afghanistan.” Ehsan Shinwari, head of the Nangarhar Civil Hospital, said that the problem had reached such a level people no longer felt they could rely on Afghan doctors and instead sought treatment in Pakistan wherever possible. “People don’t trust their doctors, but doctors are not to blame, as they properly prescribe medicines for patients but due to the poor quality of these medicines the treatment doesn’t work,” Shinwari said. “However, if the same medicines are prescribed by a doctor in Pakistan, the patient will respond to treatment and quickly recover, as the quality of medicines are better.
We are trying to tackle this problem and we’re collecting out of-date drugs daily and destroying them.” Fozullah Kakar, a doctor who has a private practice in Jalalabad, agreed that the substandard medicines in circulation had damaged the reputation of the local medical profession. He accepted that some doctors were involved in this trade but said that this was only a minority. The real culprits were the drug importers, Kakar argued, because they purposely bought cheap, low quality drugs abroad to resell for a greater profit in Afghanistan. “The medicines that are imported through smuggling routes are always of low quality, and the medicines that are imported legally are also of low quality. The medication doesn’t work as it’s intended to and then it’s the doctors who are blamed.” Some pharmacists blame the public for not being willing to pay top prices for high-quality medicine. Faridullah, who owns the Farid pharmacy in Jalalabad, said that patients needed to shoulder some of the blame for the market in inferior medicines since they often sought out the cheapest possible option. Khan Jan Alokozay, the vice-chairman of the Afghanistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry said that Afghanistan imported 400 million US dollars’ worth of legal drugs from Pakistan each year.
But Najibullah Sahibzada, head of the Association of Pharmaceutical Businesses in Nangarhar, refuted any suggestion that his members knowingly smuggled low quality medicines into Afghanistan. He said that all drugs importing companies were registered with the government. “I categorically deny that the drug corporations and companies import substandard medicines,” he said. “If someone has smuggled it privately, then that’s a separate issue. Corporations do not import substandard medicines and if it was discovered then their license would be terminated.” The first major medicine and foodstuff quality-control laboratory, which cost five million US dollars to build, staff and equip, was inaugurated in Kabul in April 2017. But testing all imported drugs will prove expensive, and the smuggling routes are so established that few expect there to be much impact on the illicit pharmaceutical trade. Nusrat, a civil society activist, said that border police were bribed to allow substandard medicines into Nangarhar province via well-known smuggling routes. “If government corruption ends, then the buying, selling and smuggling of substandard medicine will also end, as corruption is enabling this problem,” he said. Ordinary people say that they remain at the mercy of local pharmacies. “My small daughter got sick and we took her to a doctor,” said Sayed Mirza, a 20-year-old who runs a grocery shop in Jalalabad’s Eidgah city. “The doctor prescribed some medicine but instead of getting better, she got even worse. When we took her to another doctor, he said that the medicines were just poor quality.”
IWPR
 

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