Culture

Herat’s Jama Masjid, Afghanistan’s Unique Cultural Heritage

Tuesday April 22, 2014
Kabul (BNA) The Herat’s Jama Masjid is one of the biggest and the most gorgeous mosques in Afghanistan which is known because of its artistic architecture, design and decoration. The cultural and the religious asset is also known as the “blue mosque” centuries before from now, the mosque used to be a temple and following the emergence of Islam in 29 century, the Muslim changed in to a mosque and undertaken some renovation and rehabilitation process which added to the beautiful the cultural heritage in the western region of the country. In a telephonic interview with Aria Ofyaan, the Director Head provincial Herat information and culture directorate said that the blue mosque is considered an important and one of the ancient mosques in Herat province and it has 14 centuries history, the mosque is the fifth large mosques in the world which is lying over 4670 square meter lands.
“The pillars and roof of the mosque were in danger because of climate change and humidity it had received in the past several years, the Ministry of Information and Culture allocated and financial package of 30 million Afgs for renovation and rehabilitation of this monument including revival of the roof and the lawn to facilitate the prayers,” Ofyaan said. “A cultural heritage needs to secure in a systematic way, we have installed latest system so that humidity not infiltrate inside.” The renovation process of the mosques will be completed within two years with a financial amount of 25 million Afgs and most of the financial expenditures have been paid by the Ministry of Information and Culture and some national businessmen, Ofyaan said, adding that in recent years the mosque has faced many harms and financially we were not in a position to instigate the renovation process and finally in a joint effort, chamber of commerce and industrials union and mosque union started their struggle to renovate this important cultural site.
“The ceramics and bricks of the law has also faced major cracks and harms, 12 million Afgs have been allocated form the budget of Ministry of Information and Culture and contribution of business community and local people to renovate the lawn as well,” Ofyaan added. Based on the statistics of the Herat provincial information and culture directorate, up to 800 cultural monuments and sites have been discovered in the western Herat province and regrettable today almost 30 of the cultural assets are in danger and required renovation and rehabilitation. Herat, city northwestern Afghanistan, capital of Herat Province, on the Harirod. Herat is the thought to have been founded in the 4th century BC by Alexander the Great. In the 7th century and the city was captured by Muslims. The Turkic conqueror Tamerlane made it his capital in 1381, and it subsequently became a center of Persian art and learning. The Afghans captured Herat in 1749. Provincial architectural features of the city are the old city walls and gates, Islamic tombs, and the Friday Mosque. The city is a trading center for the grain, fruit, vegetable, and sheep of the surrounding area.

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